Davis 2014 defines hacktivism as “the use of computers and computer networks to promote political ends, chiefly free speech, human rights, and information ethics”. Hacktivism can be used for good or evil, as with any technology.
Anonymous are considered the most famous/infamous hacktivist group in the world. The group is composed of a loosely organized international network of hacktivists, and is used by people all over the world. Anonymous originates from the online image-based bulletin board 4chan, which started in 2003. (Stanek 2015) The name “Anonymous” was inspired by the perceived anonymity under which users posted on 4chan and this is also depicted in the group’s two symbols: the Guy Fawkes mask and the “man without head” image. These symbols also highlight the group’s inscrutability and lack of any formal leadership, which has spawned the saying ““we are all the same, this is why you can’t defeat us”.
Davis D. 2014, Hacktivism: good or evil?, Computer Weekly, <https://www.computerweekly.com/opinion/Hacktivism-Good-or-Evil>.
Stanek B. 2015, How Did Anonymous Start? The History Of The Mysterious “Hacktivist” Group Began Quite Some Time Ago, Bustle, <https://www.bustle.com/articles/65444-how-did-anonymous-start-the-history-of-the-mysterious-hacktivist-group-began-quite-some-time-ago>.